The MEMS die is the core, the performance will be affected if it directly contact the medium such as water, oil and air, and the life span may even be shortened. Therefore, the MEMS die needs to be protected by a packaging process to avoid the influence of the measurement medium, and it is required to be able to transmit pressure to the MEMS die.
In the process of production and packaging, isolated packaging is the most commonly used packaging method for pressure sensors. It refers to isolating the MEMS die of the pressure sensor from the measured medium. The stainless steel corrugated diaphragm is one of the important components for isolation. The encapsulated pressure sensor has a wide range of applicability. It can measure the pressure of ordinary fluid media, and can also measure pressure in corrosive media environments, such as strong acid or strong alkali gas or liquid.
The isolated packaging process is usually to fix the pressure-sensitive die on the hermetically sealed sensor package, electrically connect the pressure-sensitive die and the hermetically sealed sensor package tube leg with gold wires, and use laser welding technology to weld the hermetically sealed sensor package and the stainless steel corrugated diaphragm to form a closed cavity. After filling the cavity with the purified silicone oil, it is sealed by pressure welding with pins to form an isolated metal packaging structure.
When the sensor receives the pressure of the external medium, the stainless steel corrugated diaphragm elastically deforms under the pressure of the measured medium. The silicone oil in the sealed cavity is squeezed, and the squeezing force is transmitted to the MEMS die. After the MEMS die is elastically deformed, the pressure signal is converted into an electrical signal, and it is conducted to the pin of the hermetically sealed sensor package through the gold wire to be transmitted. Therefore, the oil filling plays an important role in the pressure transmission process of the pressure sensor, and it is necessary to ensure that the pressure can be almost transmitted to the MEMS die without lose.
Then what kind of oil is generally used for filling pressure sensors?
The oil filled in the pressure sensor is generally dimethyl silicone oil, which is also known as methyl silicone oil or simethicone, which is a colorless, transparent and viscous liquid, tasteless, odorless and non-toxic. The long-term working temperature range is -50～180℃ and can be used for a long time at 200℃ under the isolation of air or in inert gas. It has excellent chemical stability, can be widely used in insulating, heat-resistant, moisture-proof fillers, high-efficiency defoamers, mold release agents, lubricants and surface treatment agents.
However, when measuring oxygen, the universal simethicone oil is more prone to burns and explosions during use due to its own characteristics. At this time fluorocarbon oil is usually used for filling.
The main component of fluorocarbon oil is chlorotrifluoroethylene, which has the characteristics of high thermal stability, good lubricity, high dielectric strength, high density, low compressibility, non-polarity, chemical inertness, and non-flammability. Within the viscosity range, fluorocarbon oil is compatible with strong oxidants such as chlorine, oxygen, and hydrogen peroxide, which can effectively prevent the reaction of oil-filled with oxygen, avoid explosions, improve the safety level, and greatly reduce the economic and time loss caused by maintenance or replacement.
Micro Sensor offer oxygen measurement pressure sensors such as MDM290FL, MPM280FL, MPM281VCFL and MDM4901FL differential pressure transmitters. Their shells are filled with fluorocarbon oil. In addition, we produce them in an oil-free process during production, and oxygen-level cleaning process, so it can be used in places involving oxygen pressure measurement such as factories and hospitals.
So much about the oil filling of the pressure sensor today. If you want to know more details, please come to contact us via firstname.lastname@example.org or leave message below, our sales engineers are ready to provide you with professional measurement solutions.